Writer  Wen Hsieh  20.06.2020  / Photographer

What is Coronavirus contact-tracing app ?

The app is for collecting the user’s information, which could be used to low down the risk of spreading infectious diseases, and to send notification whether the user need to do self-isolation. In recent weeks, there have been disagreements between two different types of applications, which are centralised and decentralised versions.
BBC reported that ” Backers of the centralised model say it can give the authorities more insight into the spread of the virus and how well the app is performing. Supporters of the decentralised approach say it offers users a higher degree of privacy, protecting them from hackers or the state itself revealing their social contacts.”
More details, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-52355028

The following are the results of the interview, which is about ” In order to stop the spread of COVID-19, do you agree to use the contact-tracing app? And why?“

From South Korea,
” I agree in this special situation. We need it to stop viruses that are directly linked to human life. However, we agree with the tracking app, but it should not be open to the public. In Korea, the movement of all infected people is open to everyone, and many say it is an invasion of privacy. ”

From China,
” I doubt the actual functionality, but if that’s something that’s working and might be helpful to change the situation then yes, however I think it’s a discrimination in a very tech and weird way, and also scary to find out if u r sick or not, so I guess I am quite unsure on this one. ”

” I generally agree. The Chinese people’s awareness of human rights, freedom and privacy is relatively deficient, compared with Europeans and Americans. Basically, I know about the right of privacy, but my consciousness is slower……. One side that European and American liberals say that tracing app violates human privacy. On the other side, this is a question about reasonable using assignment of privacy and public power in a political and social system….. The government use your datas appropriately and also use the database to ensure the safety of the most residers and yourself too. Thus, there is no argument.”

“I agree with 80 percent. I am willing to transfer part of my personal privacy under major and special circumstances.
Personally, I feel the tracing app is very annoyed. I must report my temperature every day and my whereabouts on holidays. If not follow the policies, the person may result in dismissal. In addition, there is no possibility of opposition against the policies. We all take it for granted. Less few people reflect on the consequences of the transfer of privacy. Importantly, failure to do so may be censured by group consciousness”

From Italy,
” I agree the ID tracing. Because I think one reason, we already set it in the different social medias, like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. I think we already to decide to share our privacy. For the second reason, I do’t get scared to share my ID trace, if it is for a reason to avoid the spread more the virus. ”

In today’s society, when people have high awareness and knowledge about Internet Privacy, how can the coronavirus contact-tracing app be used more appropriately? The professionals around the world are working on the balance between protection of human privacy and slowing down the spread of the viruses.

– “There can still be bugs and security vulnerabilities in either the decentralised or the centralised models,” said Thinking Cybersecurity chief executive Dr Vanessa Teague.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock said on Monday a new law “is not needed because the Data Protection Act will do the job”.
-BBC / 19 of May, 2020

With the development of Internet and artificial intelligence, in business spect, many large enterprises have been using social media platforms to shorten the distance with international customers. Some independent designer brands have been using the platforms to leap into the international stage. As well as the new generations establishes their CV on the Internet, so they can develop their career to the world. Engaging the social media platforms is an irresistible advantage lead to personal information be searched quickly without any protection through the Internet, which is the initial transfer agreement of human data right. Now, in order to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and protect the health of all human beings, human transfer again their personal information into public.

In fact, the gradual transfer of personal datas does not feel panic during the process. Instead, it feels like barter, also feels like that the both sides take what their needs, such a great deal, isn’t it. However, today, more than ten or twenty years after the popularity of the Internet, human beings have been shocked to find that the so-called social media platforms are the one of the means of controlling human brain activities by the high-power and the much more intelligent people, such as, Brexit and Snowden effects. Therefore, the coronavirus contact-tracing app working, it is difficult not to connect that human free will is likely to be manipulated again. A computer engineer shared to me that ” we’ve been transparent since the digital age. You want keeping your privacy? Unless you don’t use the Internet , also stay away from all electronic products. But is it possible? ” Human fighting for their data right is a David versus Goliath spectrum, I would say.

Yet, according to Health Secretary Matt Hancock said Data Protection Act will do the job, which might means the law has been working well to protect human privacy. The UK residers might take a risk to believe his words. In a spiritual context, ” One for all,all for one “. If this contact-tracing app is a solution for the continuation of human life, it is necessary to execute it, as a member of human beings, isn’t it?

冠狀病毒接觸追跡應用程序6月起在英國實施。
人人為我, 我為人人
你會因為封锁COVI-19的傳播而釋放你的隱私嗎?

什麼是冠狀病毒接觸追跡應用程序?
該應用程序用於收集用戶的資訊,可用於降低傳染病傳播的風險,並發送用戶是否需要進行自我隔離的通知。最近幾周,在兩種不同類型的應用程序之間出現了分歧,這兩種類型的應用程序是集中的和分散的版本。
英國廣播公司報導說,“這種集中模式的支持者說,它可以讓當局更深入地瞭解病毒的傳播情况以及應用程序的運行情况。分散化方法的支持者說,這種方法為用戶提供了更高程度的隱私,保護他們不受駭客或國家本身暴露其社交關係的影響。”

以下是訪談的結果,內容是為了封锁COVID-19的傳播,你同意使用連絡人追跡應用程序嗎?為什麼?”

來自韓國,
“在這種特殊情况下,我同意。我們需要它來封锁與人類生命直接相關的病毒。不過,我們同意追跡應用,但它不應該向公眾開放。在韓國,所有感染者的行動對所有人開放,許多人說這是對隱私的侵犯。”

來自中國,
“我對實際的功能表示懷疑,但如果這是有效的,可能有助於改變這種情況,那麼是的,不過,我認為這是一種非常科技化和怪異的歧視,而且還害怕發現你是否生病,所以我想我對這一點很不確定。”

“我基本同意。與歐美國家相比,中國人的人權、自由和隱私意識相對不足。基本上,我知道隱私權,但我的意識比較遲鈍。。。。。。。一方面,歐洲和美國自由主義者說追跡應用程序侵犯了人類隱私。另一方面,這是一個關於在政治和社會制度中合理使用隱私權和公共權力的問題。。。。。政府適當地使用你的數據,也使用資料庫來確保大多數居民和你自己的安全。囙此,沒有爭論。”

“我同意80%。在重大和特殊情况下,我願意轉移部分個人隱私。
就我個人而言,我覺得追跡應用程序很惱火。我必須每天報告我的體溫和節假日的行踪。如果不遵守政策,此人可能會被解雇。此外,不可能反對這些政策。我們都認為這是理所當然的。很少有人反思隱私權轉移的後果。重要的是,不這樣做可能會受到群體意識的譴責。”

來自義大利,
“我同意身份追跡。因為我認為一個原因,我們已經在不同的社交媒體上設定了它,比如Facebook、Instagram和Twitter。我想我們已經决定分享我們的隱私了。第二個原因是,如果是為了避免病毒傳播的話,我不會害怕分享我的身份資訊。”

當今社會,當人們對互聯網隱私的意識和知識都很高的時候,如何才能更恰當地使用冠狀病毒連絡人追跡應用程序?
世界各地的專業人士正在努力在保護人類隱私和減緩病毒傳播之間取得平衡。

Thinking網路安全首席執行官瓦內薩·蒂格博士說:“無論是分散模式還是集中模式,都可能存在漏洞和安全性漏洞。”。

衛生部長馬特·漢考克(Matt Hancock)週一表示,一項新的法律“不需要,因為數據保護法案會起到作用”。

-BBC/19/2020年5月19日

隨著互聯網和人工智慧的發展,在商業方面,許多大型企業都在利用社交媒體平臺來縮短與國際客戶的距離。一些自主設計師品牌已經開始利用這些平臺躍入國際舞臺。新一代人也可以在網上建立自己的職業生涯。利用社交媒體平臺是一個不可抗拒的優勢,使得個人資訊可以在沒有任何保護的情况下快速搜索,這是人類數據權的初始轉移協定。現在,為了防止COVID-19的傳播,保護全人類的健康,人類再次將自己的個人資訊公開。

事實上,個人數據的逐步轉移在這個過程中並不感到恐慌。相反,這感覺像是易貨交易,也感覺雙方都拿走了他們需要的東西,多棒的交易,不是嗎。然而,在互聯網普及十多年後的今天,人們震驚地發現,所謂的社交媒體平臺,是權貴和智商高得多的人控制人腦活動的手段之一,比如英國脫歐和斯諾登效應。因此,冠狀病毒接觸追跡應用程序工作時,很難不聯想到人類的自由意志很可能再次被操縱。一位電腦工程師曾對我說:“自從數位時代以來,我們一直是透明的。你想保護你的隱私嗎?除非你不使用互聯網, 並且也要遠離所有電子產品。但有可能嗎?”我想說的是,人類為自己的數據權而鬥爭無疑是小蝦米對抗大鯨魚。

然而,據衛生部長馬特·漢考克說,數據保護法案將起到作用,這可能意味著該法在保護人類隱私方面發揮了良好的作用。英國居民可能會冒險相信他的話。在精神層面上,“一個為所有人,所有人為一個”。如果這個聯系追跡應用程序是人類生命延續的解決方案,那麼作為人類的一員,執行它是有必要的,不是嗎?

Bibi

-The Guardian, 18 of June, 2020 , UK abandons contact-tracing app for Apple and Google model, NHS to switch to alternative design by tech giants, says Matt Hancock in latest U-turn
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/18/uk-poised-to-abandon-coronavirus-app-in-favour-of-apple-and-google-models
-The BBC , 20 of May, 2020 , Coronavirus: Track and trace system in place from June – PM
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-52741331
-The BBC , 19 of May, 2020 , Coronavirus: Security flaws found in NHS contact-tracing app
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-52725810
-The Guardian, 6 of May, 2020 , Critical mass of Android users crucial for NHS contact-tracing app, Experts say NHS relying on ‘Android herd immunity’ to overcome Apple-related issues
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/06/critical-mass-of-android-users-needed-for-success-of-nhs-coronavirus-contact-tracing-app

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