Writer Wen Hsieh 19.11.2020
Do science fiction films have an influence on people’s ability to think deeply about their future ?According to my interview, most of the interviewees agreed that the sense were influenced by movies. However, as for the influence of the nature of the concept, they said that it was necessary to be brainwashed through multiple films, plus the boost of mass media before they began to have doubts, and then deduce approval or disapproval.A prime example of positive impact is Sci-fi movies, which clearly show what we can expect in the near future, and offers ways to think about what can be done to avoid the darkest predictions. Thus, after watching the film “The Day After Tomorrow” (2004), viewers recognized their responsibility for the Earth’s ecology and the need to change consumer attitudes towards nature ( Lowe T 2006 ). In general, the screening of films on climate issues increases the number of online requests and media discussions on these issues ( McGreavey B 2008 ; Tina Kubrak 2020 May ) . ” Namely, through evidences from the experts, Lowe T and McGreavey B, sci-fi films raise the public’s concern about their future, especially the prediction of threats to our existence. However, how much changes have taken place in emotion, cognition and behavior under the influence of mass media. It is an unsolved issue in the study of mass communication. ( Bryant J 2004 ; Ed S. Tan 2018 ; Harris R 2002 )
We could discover some clues, Olga Bogdashona offers a concept, called ” movie-engineered autism.” In summary, the idea that the first stage of a child’s development is between three and seven years old. In this stage, children stimulate their imagination through movies and cartoons. Through the combination of imagination, perception and sense impression, a concept creates by that called “faith images”. During the period of child’s self-awareness development, their worldview is easily shaped by external culture doctrines. ( Horsley, Jason 2015 ) Through ” Inception “, the film proves the importance of “faith images” in deep mind. Furthermore, consumerism culture is one of the impacts of the culture doctrines. Taking ” Wall-E ” as an example, the message of the film is desperately needed due to fueled through a consumerism aided for the audiences who are brainwashed. ( Jenkins, Eric S 2016 ) The influence of consumerism controls the monopoly of communication media and the trend of film aesthetics. This crisis creates opportunities, leading to the blur zone between virtual and reality, which means faith confusion.
The other blurring zone is the public receiving uncertain information. According to the National Science Foundation in 2000, the indistinctness of fact and fiction in visual media has eroded the critical thinking ability of the public and hindered the development of a citizen with scientific literacy. With the progress of the technology used in media entertainment, the number of images and films created is increasing. The purpose of this type of entertainment creation is to satisfy the public’s imagination of science, but it usually leads to misunderstanding of the nature of science. ( Kirby 2003; Michael Barnett 2007 ) Similar idea here, ” the toxic bullshit of incessant advertising and show biz for nearly a century has stripped us of cognitive abilities for dealing with reality that used to be part of normal equipment of adulthood….by James Kunstler. ” As a filmmaker, we should balance the reality and the fictional world. How can we achieve the balance? In my opinion, it is necessary to research and develop the reality of the story in depth, rather than dramatic imagination without responsibility. Secondly, it is nicer to leave the imagination space in the part of the story, to arouse the audience’s imagination space, to appropriately separate from the impact of “the group mind”, and to lead to the audience to further spontaneous research and reading related topics. Finally, we all cultivate the skill to be both subjective and objective when criticizing films.
科幻電影是否具有教育影響力，引導人類深入思考自己的未來？”積極影響的一個主要例子是Cli-fi電影，它清楚地展示了我們在不久的將來可以期待什麼，並提供了一些方法來思考可以做些什麼來避免最黑暗的預測。囙此，在觀看了電影《後天》（2004年）後，觀眾認識到他們對地球生態的責任以及改變消費者對自然態度的必要性（Lowe T 2006）。總的來說，放映有關氣候問題的電影會新增線上請求和媒體討論這些問題的數量（McGreavey B 2008；Tina Kubrak 2020年5月）。”也就是說，通過專家Lowe T和McGreavey B的證據，科幻電影引起了公眾對其未來的關注，尤其是預測威脅到我們的生命安全。然而，在大眾傳媒的影響下，人們的情感、認知和行為發生了多大的變化。這是大眾傳播學研究中尚未解决的問題。（Bryant J 2004；Ed S.Tan 2018；Harris R 2002）
我們可以發現一些線索，奧爾加·博格達索納提出了一個叫做“電影工程自閉症”的概念，簡單地說，兒童發展的第一階段是在3到7歲之間。在這個階段，孩子們通過電影和動畫片來激發他們的想像力。通過想像、知覺和感官印象的結合，創造出一個概念，稱之為“信仰意象”。在兒童自我意識發展的過程中，他們的世界觀容易受到外部文化教條的影響。（Horsley，Jason 2015）通過《盜夢空間》，影片證明了“信仰形象”在內心深處的重要性。此外，消費主義文化是文化主義的影響之一。以《華爾街日報》為例，通過消費主義幫助被洗腦的觀眾，影片的資訊是迫切需要的。（Jenkins，Eric S 2016）消費主義的影響控制了傳播媒介的壟斷和電影美學的趨勢。這場危機創造了機會，導致虛擬和現實之間的模糊地帶，這意味著信仰的混亂。
另一個模糊地帶是公眾接收不確定資訊。2000年國家科學基金會指出，視覺媒體中事實與虛構的模糊性，侵蝕了公眾的批判思維能力，阻礙了一個具有科學素養的公民的發展。隨著媒體娛樂科技的進步，影像和電影的創作數量也在不斷增加。這種娛樂創作的目的是滿足公眾對科學的想像，但往往會導致對科學本質的誤解。（Kirby 2003；Michael Barnett 2007）類似的觀點是：“近一個世紀以來，不斷的廣告和演藝界的惡毒胡說八道，剝奪了我們處理現實的認知能力，而現實曾經是成年人正常生活的一部分……作者是詹姆斯·昆斯特勒。”作為一個電影人，我們應該平衡現實和虛構的世界。我們怎樣才能達到平衡呢？在我看來，有必要深入研究和發展故事的真實性，而不是沒有責任感的戲劇性想像。其次，最好在故事部分留下想像空間，喚起觀眾的想像空間，適當地脫離“群體思維”的影響，引導觀眾進一步自發地研究和閱讀相關課題。最後，我們都要培養有主客觀的電影批評觀。
– Bryant J., Thompson S. Basics of Media Exposure. Williams; Мoscow, Russia: 2004.
-Ed S. Tan, A psychology of the film. Published: Humanities and Social sciences Communications. 03 July 2018.
– Lowe T., Brown K., Dessai S., de Franca Doria M., Haynes K., Vincent K. Does tomorrow ever come? Disaster narrative and public perceptions of climate change. Public Underst. Sci. 2006;15:435–457. doi: 10.1177/0963662506063796.
– McGreavey B., Liendfield L. Entertaining our way to engagement? Climate change films and sustainable development values. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. 2008;17:123–136. doi: 10.1504/IJSD.2014.061766.
– Tina Kubrak, (2020 May ) Impact of Films: Changes in Young People’s Attitudes after Watching a Movie. Publish :US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health.
– Harris R. Psychology of Mass Communications. Prime-Eurosign; St. Petersburg, Russia: 2002.
– Horsley, Jason. Seen and not seen : confessions of a movie autist / Jasun Horsley. Publisher: Winchester, England : Zero Books, 2015. ISBN: 9781782796756; 1782796754 ( p3-p13, 2015 )
– Jenkins, Eric S. Special affects : cinema, animation and the translation of consumer culture. Publisher: Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, (2016) ISBN: 9781474414593. ( p189-p206. 2016)
– Michael Barnett and Alan Kafka, 2007, Using Science Fiction Movie Scenes to Support Critical Analysis of Science. Publish :ACADEMIC JOURNAL ARTICLE/ Journal of College Science Teaching.
– Kirby, D.A. 2003. Refiections: Science in the cultural context. Molecular
Interventions 3 (2): 54-60.